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Karez Well, along with the Great Wall and Grand Beijing-Hangzhou Canal, is regarded as one of the three most important achievements in ancient times of China.
Xinjiang Province holds over 1,700 Karez Wells, but with the majority in Turpan. With its unique geographical and climate features, the number of Karez Wells in Turpan can reach up to 1200 with a total length of about 5,000 kilometers.
The Kerez Well, a very elaborate irrigation system, is comprised of four parts, containing vertical wells, underground ditches, ground ditches and small reservoirs. In summer, large amounts of snow-broth and rainwater flow into Turpan Basin and seep into Gobi desert from Bogda Mountain to the north of Turpan Basin and Kalawucheng Mountain to its West. With the utilization of mountain slope, local residents invented ingenious Karez Wells, through which farmlands irrigated by underground water. Thus, Karez Wells have played a very significant role in the development of local agriculture and meeting daily requirements for residents.
Karez Well is the crystallization of ancient people's diligence and intelligence, and its excavation method is passed on by people in Turpan as intangible cultural heritage generation after generation.