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Zhongshan Bridge

Zhongshan Bridge

Zhongshan Bridge, formerly called “Lanzhou Iron Bridge over the Yellow River”, is popularly known as the first bridge over the Yellow River. It is situated at the foot of White Pagoda Mountain, west to Lanzhou Waterwheel Park and east to Yellow River Mother Sculpture. It is a must-see attraction for all the visitors from home and abroad.

This bridge is 233.5-meter long and 7.5-meter wide, built from 1907 to 1909 during the reign of Emperor Guangxu in Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). Before it was constructed, the former bridge (called Zhen Yuan Floating Bridge), was made up of over 20 ships tied up by ropes and chains, to help people across the Yellow River. But it was not solid and safe, once the flood came, it would be destroyed, so would it in winter. Thus in the year 1907, under the proposal of local officials in Lanzhou and Gansu and with the help of a Germany businessman, the Qing Government decided to build this first iron bridge, with all the materials, even the rivets, transported from Germany to China using possible means at that time. This bridge was completed in 1909, and firstly named \"Lanzhou Iron Bridge over the Yellow River\" and later re-named “Zhongshan Bridge” in 1942 to commemorate Dr. Sun Yat-sen (Zhongshan is the Chinese name of Dr. Sun Yat-sen).

Though the service life of this iron bridge ended in 1989, and it is not the only bridge over the Yellow River in recent time, neither can replace its great value and contribution to the history and the society during its 80 years’ service. Now the bridge has become a famous tourist spot in Lanzhou attractting visitors at home and abroad.