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Wenshu Monastery

Wenshu Monastery

Wenshu Monastery is highly reputed as the largest best-preserved Buddhist temple in Chengdu.

First built in Southern Dynasty (420-589) and later ruined in Ming (1368-1644), Wenshu Monastery was reconstructed in 1697 during the reign of Emperor Kangxi of Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). Legend has it that once Cidu, a Buddhist monk, came to Xinxiang Temple, a deserted temple then and did ascetic practices for a long time. When he was cremated, a Manjushri image emerged in the sky with rutilant for a long time; thus, he was viewed as the incarnation of Bodhisattva Manjusri. So Xinxiang Temple was renamed as Wenshu Monastery (Wenshu is the pronunciation of Manjushri in Chinese).

Wenshu Monastery covers a total area of about 11,600 square meters, with over 190 halls and rooms. The main five halls are Heavenly Kings Hall, Mahavira Hall, Three Persons Hall, Preaching Hall and Sutra Hall. And there is a complete set of a temple on both sides, like Chan room, Buddhist hall, Fast rooms, Guests rooms, etc. All these buildings make Wenshu Monastery an enclosing quadrangle in a typical Qing Dynasty construction style. In addition, cultural relics are the highlights of Wenshu Monastery. Over 500 pieces of painting and calligraphy by celebrities have been stored here since Tang and Song Dynasties, showing all the tourists some knowledge of Buddhism in Chengdu.

With its abundant cultural relics, innumerous solemn halls and exquisite gardens, Wenshu Monastery is really a worthwhile visit for tourists from home and abroad.