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Located in Famen Town, Fufeng County, 120 kilometers west of Xi’an City and 96 kilometers east of Baoji City, Shaanxi Province, Famen Temple is widely renowned for storing the veritable Finger Bone of the Sakyamuni Buddha. With a history of over 1,700 years, it is regarded as the "ancestor of pagoda temples in Guanzhong area".
Constructed at the end of the Eastern Han Dynasty (25AD-220AD) to enshrine Sakyamuni's sarira, Famen Temple was originally called "Asoka Temple." During the Sui Dynasty, it was renamed "Chengshi Buddha Mandala." In the Tang Dynasty, the founder of the dynasty Emperor Tanggaozu (Li Yuan) gave it the current name and the temple began its honorable period age of being the site for seven important Buddhist ceremonies and activities. Then Famen Temple gradually became a world-famous Buddhist temple. The most representative buildings in the temple are the Famen Temple Pagoda and Famen Temple Museum.
In 1987, an Underground Palace was unearthed, which is believed to be the largest Buddhist underground palace discovered so far. Many royal treasures and jewelry were found here – more than 2,000 pieces surrounded the Tang mandala (geometric designs, usually circular, symbolizing the universe), among which the most precious item was the veritable Finger Bone of the Sakyamuni Buddha.