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Constructed by the Cheshi people in the Qin and Han dynasties, Jiaohe Ruins is 13 kilometers west of Turpan city, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. The name of Jiaohe refers to the two rivers that join together in the southern part of the town. The city, situated along the Silk Road, was of great military significance and played a significant role in the economic development of Western and Eastern countries.
Jiaohe Ruins were once the capital of Cheshi Kingdom in ancient western regions. Its existing relics featured architectural style in Tang Dynasty, which is renowned as the largest, oldest and best-preserved earthen city in the world.
Covering an area of 250,000 square meters, Jiaohe Ruins are comprised of temples, office buildings, pagodas and folk houses as well as workshops. It was finally abandoned after its destruction during an invasion by the Mongols led by Genghis Khan in the 13th century. The ruins were almost dug from the natural earth so that their height varies - the tallest reaches the height of three buildings. Nowadays, Jiaohe Ruins are enjoying more popularity since the government made moves to protect this unique attraction.