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Museum of Qin Terra-Cotta Warriors and Horses

Museum of Qin Terra-Cotta Warriors and Horses

Terra-Cotta Warriors and Horses of Qin Shi Huang is actually related to the satellite tombs to the mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shi Huang (the first ruler of the then whole China, 259BC-210BC). During his lifetime, Qin Shihuang was a complete warmonger and dictator. He had spent large resources on this huge project, just in order to continue consolidating his power and army after his death. When several farmers discovered some broken pottery figures in their village in March 1974, the terra-cotta warriors and horses started to be shown to the public. In this historical site, there are numerous forms of terra-cotta warriors, chariots and horses, which are all lifelike. When you get an entire view of the terra-cotta warriors, you may be awed by its grandness.

The army is about 1.5 kilometers in the east of the main mausoleum. After a detailed archaeological excavation and historical research by those specialists, it is shown that the site is an oblong pit. The terra-cotta warriors were nearly 5 meters deep under the surface. By steady effort of those archaeologists, other pits, named pit 2, pit 3 and pit 4, appeared in succession.

The Museum of Terra-Cotta Warriors and Horses of Qin Shihuang, was set up in 1975 to protect these cultural relics. It has been listed as the World Heritage by UNESCO in 1987.