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Reputed as the “Pearl on the Roof of the World”, Potala Palace is generally regarded as the mark of Lhasa, the capital city of Tibet. When overlooking the palace at the top of the towering Marpo Ri Hill in the northwest of Lhasa, you will be greatly shocked by its splendid colors and magnificent layout. It is also the highest and largest palace-castle-like architectural complex in the world, attracting millions of tourists every year.
Potala Palace is a 13-storey stone-wood complex, with a height of 110 meters and a width of about 360 meters. It totally covers an area of 13,000 square meters and comprises two main parts, the White Palace and Red Palace. The Red Palace is just in the middle, mainly for religious affairs; while, the White one, on both sides, is the main place for the living of Dalai Lamas. In the palace, you will see a collection of artifacts of ancient Tibet, such as frescos, stupas and images of Buddha. The palace has been worshiped by Lamas and Tibetan Buddhists as sacred land for many years, and it was also once Tibetan political and religious administration center.
It is said that the Potala Palace was built 1,300 years ago in Tang Dynasty (618-907AD), for the marriage of the Tibetan King Songtsam Gambo and the Tang Princess Wencheng (In ancient China, the feudal dynasties often made peace with rulers of minority nationalities in the border areas by marriage). It has been reconstructed for many times. In 1645，the 5th Dalai Lama was appointed by the government of the Qing Dynasty as the local temporal and religious leader of Tibet, and he moved his palace from Drepung Monastery to the Potala Palace as his political center. In December 1994, the Potala Palace of Lhasa was put on the UNESCO's list of World Cultural Heritage, showing the wisdom and power of the Tibetan people for the whole world.
The magnificent appearance and sacred atmosphere of the Potala Palace will actually make you a memorable Tibetan tour.