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Yarlung Tsangpo River

Yarlung Tsangpo River

Yarlung Tsangpo or Yarlung River, which means “melting snow running from the Himalaya Mountains” in Tibetan language, is treated as Mother River or cradle by Tibetan people. This great watercourse originates at Tamlung Tso lake in western Tibet, southeast of Mount Kailash and Lake Manasarovar and flow out of frontier at Pasighat, a place on the east of Himalayan. In Tibet, the river flows through the South Tibet Valley in the area of Nedong County and is approximately 1200 kilometers long and 300 kilometers wide.

The Yarlung Tsangpo Grand Canyon, formed by a horse-shoe bend in the river where it leaves the Tibetan Plateau and flows around Namcha Barwa, the deepest, and possibly longest canyon in the world. It runs across the Himalaya Mountains, then suddenly turns to the south and forms the well-known spectacle of Grand Turning. Along the river, there are arduous cliffs, deep and quite valleys, sacred snow mountains and stunning natural beauties. The valley descends from 4500 meters above sea level to 3000 meters. As it descends, the surrounding vegetation changes from cold desert to arid steppe then to deciduous scrub vegetation. From the headstream to the estuary, the Yarlung Tsangpo River covers a river basin of more than 240 thousand square kilometers and a length of 2057 kilometers in China.